Director IPANEMA European ancient materials photonic research platform, CNRS MiC UVSQ, USR 3461
Université Paris-Saclay, site du synchrotron SOLEIL
F-91192 Gif-sur-Yvette, France
With a background in physico-chemistry, I have dedicated my research since 1999 to the study of materials from archaeology, cultural heritage, palaeo-environments and palaeontology while working at C2RMF (Paris), the University of Cambridge (UK), Laboratoire de physique des solides and the SOLEIL synchrotron facility (Paris-Saclay).
I am director of the IPANEMA European research laboratory on ancient materials since 2010. IPANEMA is a joint laboratory from CNRS, the French Ministry of Culture, and the Versailles University located at SOLEIL. IPANEMA is supported by the European Commission and foreign institutions, including the Smithsonian Institution, the NSF of the USA, and the Dutch research funding agency NWO.
I coordinate the participation of France to the European Research Infrastructure for Heritage Science (E-RIHS) with I. Pallot-Frossard (C2RMF) and am in charge of the scientific strategy of E-RIHS Europe. I am coordinator of the Key Research Sector "Matériaux anciens et Patrimoniaux" with E. Anheim (EHESS) and M. Tengberg (AASPE) which gathers 100 laboratories and institutions in the Île-de-France Region.
My personal research is centred on the study of properties of ancient materials through their full-field and raster-scanning microimaging, via development of methodological approaches based on infrared, UV-visible and X-ray synchrotron radiation. I research information on the long-term ageing processes and exceptional preservation of biological remnants and materials from archaeological systems studied at microscale (micro-taphonomy), on manufacturing techniques used in the past, and on the provenance of raw materials used to produce archaeological artefacts.
Main research interests
Physico-chemical properties of ancient materials
Photon-based imaging and microspectroscopy of ancient materials, particularly through synchrotron X-ray, UV/visible and infrared spectroscopy
Long-term alteration and exceptional preservation of biological remnants in archaeological and palaeontological settings (soft and hard tissues, textiles, hair)
Advanced study of artists' materials (pigments, varnishes)